He co-founder of Microsoft Corp. bill Gates He said that OpenAI’s language generation artificial intelligence tools are one of two revolutionary technologies he has come across in his life.
The 67-year-old billionaire and philanthropist calls the promise of this new technology the “most significant technological advance since the graphical user interface,” which allowed people to more easily interact with computers through the use of icons, menus, and windows. , and set the standard for modern operating systems.
“The development of AI is as fundamental as the creation of the microprocessor, the personal computer, the internet and the mobile phone,” Gates wrote on his Gates Notes blog. “It will change the way people work, learn, travel, receive health care, and communicate with each other. Whole industries will reorient themselves around it. Companies will distinguish themselves by how well they use it.”
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Gates had been meeting with the OpenAI team since 2016 and last year challenged them to train the system to pass the Advanced Placement biology exam. More than just rattling off facts, the test asks students to think critically about biology, he said. He thought it would take a few years, but it only took a few months for the AI model known as GPT to earn the equivalent of an A grade in a college-level biology course.
OpenAI, now backed by an additional $10 billion investment from Microsoft, last week released GPT-4, the latest version of a text-generating AI model. It can also be used for tasks like coding and creating images, and the newer version also answers user-provided image questions. OpenAI has boasted of GPT-4’s success in standardized tests, but a Princeton University professor and a doctoral student argued in a blog post this week that they may be using incorrect references to assess the technology’s capability.
Gates, who spends most of his time involved with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, He said he is encouraged by the potential of AI to reduce some of the world’s worst inequalities., from healthcare in the developing world to climate change and education. His foundation will provide more details on how he hopes to use AI in the coming months, she said.
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However, Gates acknowledged that technology “raises difficult questions around the workforce, the legal system, privacy, bias and more,” he wrote..
“The world must ensure that everyone – not just the wealthy – benefits from artificial intelligence. Governments and philanthropy will have an important role to play in ensuring that it reduces inequality and does not contribute to it. This is the priority for my own AI-related work,” he wrote.
Gates also referred to the threat of “AI-armed humans,” concluding that governments must collaborate to set limits with private companies.. There’s also what he sees as a longer-term risk: the AI being misaligned with humans or working against people. Those questions will become more important over time, Gates said.
“Could a machine decide that humans are a threat, conclude that their interests are different from ours, or just stop caring about us?” he asks. “Possibly, but this problem is no more urgent today than it was before the AI developments of the last few months.”
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