“The Judgment”a documentary based on the audiovisual record of the historical Trial of the Military Juntas directed by Ulises de la Orden, will premiere this thursday april 7 at 8:00 p.m. at the Museum of Latin American Art of Buenos Aires (MALBA). The film comes to deepen the theme that opened the film “Argentina 1985”which won several awards and was nominated for an Oscar.
With a duration of 177 minutes, “El Juicio” had its world premiere on February 19 at the 73rd edition of the Berlin Film Festival and was also exhibited at the MoMA’s International Festival of Nonfiction Film from New York.
The Trial Diary, a historical document that once again has a leading role
Based entirely on the audiovisual record of the oral hearings of the Trial against the Military Juntas that ruled the country between 1976 and 1983covers the process that took place in 1985 in the Federal Criminal and Correctional Appeals Chamber of the Federal Capital.
All the hearings were recorded by public television and the media covered the trial while the public channel Argentina Color Television (ATC) broadcast three minutes a day of images without audio. It was Perfil who filled that information gap by publishing the Diario del Juicio and later, a collection of videocassettes with the original audio and images of the hearings.
Only the reading of the sentence It was transmitted completely with image and sound. This movie is based on the 530 hours of that audiovisual material practically unprecedented.
“Argentina, 1985 is a great moviewhich fulfilled the function of opening this issue for society”, expressed de la Orden in dialogue with PROFILE. “Today everyone in Argentina knows that the Trial of the Juntas existed, as well as a large part of the international press; the judgment comes to delve into the subject and I think there is a very interesting complementation”, he added in a note with Pierre Froidevaux.
The project got its start when open memoryan alliance of Argentine human rights organizations that promotes memory of human rights violations in the recent past, resistance actions, and struggles for truth and justice, provided access to the full audiovisual record of the Trial.
The entity preserved, copied and guarantees access to the original recordings of the hearings of this historic trial, at the request of the same Federal Chamber that carried it out. Memoria Abierta is associate producer of this film together with Polo On Movies.
Ulises of the Order with Luis Moreno Ocampo
The assistant prosecutor of the Trial of the Boards, Luis Moreno Ocampo, interviewed the director of the film to find out how the idea of capturing the project arose. Here, the work has a choral structure with the testimonies of the survivors who testified.
“El Juicio” is the tenth film by De la Orden, after Upstream, Inland, green desert y Vilca, the magic of silenceamong other.
The Justice process
With the Trial of the Juntas, the Justice process was opened for the crimes against humanity committed in our country. Faced with the pressures of military power, this process was interrupted by the Laws of Due Obedience and Full Stop during the 1980s and for pardons in the 1990s.
However, this stage of impunity began to close in 2001 with the first declaration of unconstitutionality of the popularly called impunity laws. In the following years, the joint actions of the three powers of the State and the Attorney General of the Nation consolidated the prosecution of these crimes as a State policy. Simultaneous decisions by these institutions led to the reopening of court cases and the initiation of new investigations.
The Trial of the Juntas was the foundation on which the entire Argentine justice process was built, which is still ongoing. The courage of the survivors and the struggle of the human rights organizations always kept the search for memory, truth and justice.
Currently, various legal processes are carried out throughout the country within the framework of ordinary justice, with common judges and courts. Ad hoc or special courts have not been created, as has happened in other countries around the world, to deal with situations of massive human rights violations. The legislation applied is the same as that of any other court case in which federal crimes are investigated. This makes it possible to offer all the constitutional guarantees to the people accused of these crimes and the utmost respect for due process.
At the end of this movie 1058 people have been sentenced964 died while being processed and 22 are fugitives.
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